Radiocarbon WEB-info Recommended books and Bibliographic sources A-J used in these pages

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0849345383 Recent Books:

C. Tuniz, J.R Bird, D.Fink, and G.F Herzog. 1998. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry: Ultrasensitive analysis for global science. CRC Press. Buy this Book at

R.E Taylor and M.J Aitken. (eds) 1997. Chronometric dating in Archaeology. Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science, volume 2. Oxford University, England. Buy this Book at

Gove, H.E. 1998. From Hiroshima to the Iceman : The Development and Applications of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Inst of Physics Pub. Available at

Wagner, G. 1999. Age Determination of Young Rocks and Artifacts : Physical and Chemical Clocks in Quaternary Geology and Archaeology (Natural Science in Archaeology). Springer-Verlag. Buy this Book at Amazon. H. E. Gove. 1996. Relic,Icon or Hoax?:Carbon Dating the Turin Shroud, Inst of Physics Pub. ISBN: 0750303980. Buy this Book (US35 hardback) and read editorial reviews

Aitken, M.J. 1990. Science-based Dating in Archaeology. Longman, England.
[Excellent book documenting the principle methods for dating in archaeology. Two chapters on radiocarbon dating.]

Bowman, S.G.E. 1990. Radiocarbon Dating. "Interpreting the Past" series. British Museum Publications, London. Buy this Book, and read editorial reviews

Bowman, S.G.E. 1991. Questions of Chronology. In, Science and The Past. Bowman, S. (ed). British Museum Press.

Faure, G.1986 Principles of Isotope Geology. (Second Edition). Wiley, New York.
[Extensive review of the use of isotopes and radiometric dating in geology, with questions at the end of each chapter.]

Geyh, Mebus A. and Helmut Schleicher. 1990. Absolute age determination : physical and chemical dating methods and their application. Springer-Verlag, NY.

Gillespie, R. 1984. Radiocarbon User's Handbook. Oxford-Oxonian Rewley Press.

Gupta, S.K. and Polach, H.A. 1985. Radiocarbon Dating Practices at ANU. Handbook, Radiocarbon Dating laboratory, Research School of Pacific Studies, ANU, Canberra.
[ Detailed review of C14 with particular reference to Liquid Scintillation Counting. ]

Michels, J W. 1973. Dating methods in archaeology. Seminar Press, NY. 230 pp.

Taylor, R.E, Long, A and Kra, R. (eds) 1994. Radiocarbon After Four Decades. An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Springer - Verlag, NY. 596 pp.
[ A review of the impact of radiocarbon dating in a variety of disciplines. Also contains an interesting resume of the history of radiocarbon dating with reminiscences by Arnold and Suess.]

Taylor, R.E. 1987. Radiocarbon Dating. An archaeological perspective. Academic Press, Orlando, USA.
[ Extensive and detailed book of special interest to archaeologists. Chapters on measurement methods, pretreatments, calibration and a historical perspective on the development of the technique.] Buy this Book at


Ajie, H., I.R. Kaplan, P.J. Slota, Jr., and R.E. Taylor, 1990. AMS radiocarbon dating of bone osteocalcin. In Yiou, F., and G.M. Raisbeck (eds), Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Nuclear Instruments and Methods, B52(3,4):433-437.

Anderson, A.J. 1991. The chronology of colonization in New Zealand. Antiquity 65(249): 767-95.

Arnold, J.R., and W.F. Libby, 1951. Radiocarbon dates. Science, 113:111-120.

Arslanov, Kh.A., and Yu. S. Svezhentsev, 1993. An improved method for radiocarbon dating fossil bones. Radiocarbon, 35(3):387-391.

Badash, Lawrence. 1968, "The origin of radioactive dating techniques" Am. Philos. Soc. Proc. 112(3), pp.158-169.

Barbetti, M., Bird, T., Dolezal, G., Taylor, G., Francey, R., Cook, E. and Peterson, M. 1992. Radiocarbon variations from Tasmanian conifers: first results from late Pleistocene and Holocene logs. Radiocarbon 34(3):806-17.

Bard, E., Hamelin, B., Fairbanks, R.G. and Zindler, A. 1990. Calibration of the 14C timescale over the past 30 000 years using mass spectrometric U-Th ages from Barbados corals. Nature 345:405-9.

Bard, E., Arnold, M., Fairbanks, R.G. and Hamelin, B. 1993. 230Th-234U and 14C Ages obtained by Mass Spectrometry on corals. Radiocarbon 35(1): 191-99.

Barker, H. 1953. Radiocarbon dating: large-scale preparation of acetylene from organic material. Nature 172:631-2.

Begg, F.H., Cook, G.T., Baxter, M.S., Scott, E.M. and McCartney, M. 1992. Anthropogenic radiocarbon in the eastern Irish Sea and Scottish coastal waters. Radiocarbon 34(3):707-16.

Berger, R., Horney, A.G., and Libby, W.F., 1964. Radiocarbon dating of bone and shell from their organic componenets. Science, 144:999-1001.

Berger, R., Ducote, K., Robinson, K. and Walter, H. 1975. Radiocarbon date for the largest extinct bird. Nature 258:709.

Berger, R., and W.F. Libby 1966. UCLA radiocarbon dates V.Radiocarbon 8:467-497.

Berger, R., Taylor, R.E. and Libby, W.F. 1966. Radiocarbon content of marine shells from the Californian and Mexican west coast. Science 153:864-6.

Broecker, W. S. og Kulp, J.L.1956."The radiocarbon method of age determination" American Antiquity 22, pp.1-11.

Broser, I, von and Kallman, H. 1947. Uber die Anregung von Leuchtstoffen durch schnelle Korpuskularteilchen. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung 2(8): 439-440.

Brown, T.A., D.E. Nelson, J.S. Vogel, and J.R. Southon, 1988. Improved collagen extraction method by modified Longin method. Radiocarbon 30(2):171-177.

Michael Bruns, Ingeborg Levin, K. O Munnich, H.W Hubberten and S. Fillipakis. Regional Sources of Volcanic Carbon Dioxide and their influence on c14 content of present-day plant material. Radiocarbon 22:2 pp 532-536.

Buck C.E., J.B. Kenworthy, C.D. Litton and A.F.M. Smith 1991 Combining archaeological and radiocarbon information: a Bayesian approach to calibration Antiquity 65 808-21.

Buck C.E., C.D. Litton and A.F.M. Smith 1992 Calibration of radiocarbon results pertaining to related archaeological events. Journal of Archaeological Science 19 497-512.

Buck C.E., C.D. Litton and E.M. Scott 1994 Making the most of radiocarbon dating: some statistical considerations. Antiquity 68 252-263.

Burleigh, R.1981. "W. F. Libby and the development of radiocarbon dating", Antiquity 55, pp.96-98.

Butterfield, D. and Polach, H. 1983. Effects of vial holder materials and design on low-level 14C scintillation counting. Advances in Scintillation Counting. S.A. McQuarrie, C. Ediss and L.I. Weibe (eds.). University of Alberta, Edmonton. Pp. 468-77.

Chappell, J and Polach, H.A. 1972. Some effects of partial recrystallisation on C-14 dating of Late Pleistocene corals and molluscs. Quaternary Research 2:244-252.

Clark, J.D. 1979. Radiocarbon Dating and African Prehistory. In, Radiocarbon Dating. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference, Los Angeles and La Jolla, 1976. R. Berger and H.E Suess (eds.). University of California Press, Los Angeles. Pp. 7-31.

Coplen, T.B. 1994. Reporting of stable hydrogen, carbon and oxygen isotope abundances. Pure and Applied Chemistry 66:273-76.

Craig, H. 1953. The geochemistry of the stable carbon isotopes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 3:53-92.

Craig, H. 1957. Isotopic standards for carbon and oxygen and correction factors for mass-spectrometric analysis of carbon dioxide. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 12 (133).

Cresswell, R.G. 1992. Radiocarbon Dating of Iron Artifacts Radiocarbon 34, 898-905.

Cresswell, R.G., Beukens, R.P., Rucklidge, J.C. and Miura, Y. 1994. Distinguishing spallogenic from non-spallogenic carbon in chondrites using gas and temperature separations. Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 92, 505-509.

Cresswell, R.G., Miura, Y., Beukens, R.P. and Rucklidge, J.C. 1993. 14C Terrestrial ages of nine Antarctic meteorites using CO and CO2 temperature extractions. Proc. NIPR symp. Antarct. Meteorites, 6, 381-390.

Currie, L.A. and Polach, H.A. 1980. Exploratory analysis of the international radiocarbon cross-calibration data: consensus values and interlaboratory error. Preliminary note. Radiocarbon 22(3):933-35.

DeNiro, M.J., and S. Epstein, 1981. Influence of diet on the distribution of nitrogen isotopes in animals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 45:341-351.

DeNiro, M.J., and S. Weiner, 1988a. Chemical, enzymatic and spectroscopic characterizaton of "collagen" and other organic fractions from prehistoric bones. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52:2197-2206.

DeNiro, M.J., and S. Weiner, 1988b. Use of collagenase to purify collagen from prehistoric bones for stable isotopic analysis. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52:2425-2431.

DeVries, H.I., and G.W. Barendesen, 1954. Measurements of age by the carbon-14 technique. Nature, 174:1138-1141.

Dekling H. and J. van der Plicht 1993 Statistical problems in calibrating radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 35(1) 239-244.

Doran J.E. and F.R. Hodson (eds.) 1975. Mathematics and Computers in Archaeology Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press.

Druffel, E.R.M. and Williams, P.M. 1991. Radiocarbon in seawater and organisms from the Pacific coast of Baja California. Radiocarbon 33(3):291-96.

El-Daoushy, M.F.A.F., I.U. Olsson, and F.H. Oro, 1978. The EDTA and HCl methods of pretreating bones. Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, 100:213-219.

Engelkemeir, Antoniette G. et. al. 1949. "The halflife of Radiocarbon (C-14)" Physical Review 75, June 15, pp.1825-1835.

Freundlich, J., Kuper, R., Breunig, P. and Bertram, H.G. 1989. Radiocarbon dating of ostrich eggshells. Radiocarbon 31(3):1030-1034.

Garlick, J.D., 1969. Buried bone. In Brothwell, D., and E. Higgs (eds), Science in Archaeology: A survey of progress and research, pp503-512. Great Britain: Thames and Hudson.

Gillespie, R. and Polach, H.A. 1979. The suitability of marine shells for radiocarbon dating of Australian prehistory. Radiocarbon Dating. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Radiocarbon Dating. R. Berger and H.E Suess (eds.) University of California Press. Pp. 404-21.

Gillespie, R., 1989. Fundamentals of bone degradation chemistry: Collagen is not "the way". In Long, A., and R.S. Kra (eds), Proceedings of the 13th International 14C Conference. Radiocarbon, 31(3):239-46.

Gillespie, R., R.E.M. Hedges, and J.O. Wand, 1984. Radiocarbon dating of bone by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Archaeological Science, 11:165-170.

Godwin, H. 1962, "Half-life of Radiocarbon dating, fifth international conference". Nature 195, p.943.

Goh, K.M. 1978. Removal of contaminants to improve the reliability of radiocarbon dates of peats. Journal of Soil Science 29:340-49.

Goh, K.M. and Molloy, B.P.J. 1972. Reliability of radiocarbon dates from buried charcoals. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Radiocarbon Dating, Vol. 2. The Royal Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

_______ 1979. Contaminants in charcoals used for radiocarbon dating. New Zealand Journal of Science 22:39-47.

Goh, K.M., Tonkin, P.J. and Rafter, T.A. 1978. Implications of improved radiocarbon dates of Timaru peats on Quaternary loess stratigraphy. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 21(4): 463-66.

Gupta, S.K. and Polach, H.A. 1985. Radiocarbon Dating Practices at ANU. Handbook, Radiocarbon Dating laboratory, Research School of Pacific Studies, ANU, Canberra.

Gurfinkel, D.M., 1987. Comparative study of the radiocarbon dating of different bone collagen preparations. Radiocarbon, 29(1):45-52.

Hare, P.E., 1980. Organic geochemistry of bone and its relation to the survival of bone in the natural environment. In Behrensmeyer, A.K and A.P. Hill (eds), Fossils in the Making: Vertebrate Taphonomy and Paleoecology, pp208-219. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Hare, P.E., and M.L.F. Estep, 1983. Carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of amino acids in modern and fossil collagens. Carnegie, Inst. Wash. Yearb. 82:410-414.

Haas, H. and J.J. Banewics, 1980. Radiocarbon dating of bone apatite using Thermal release of CO2. In Stuiver, M., and R.S. Kra (eds), Proceedings of the 10th International 14C conference. Radiocarbon 22(2):537-544.

Haas, H. and Haynes, C.V. 1980. Discussion on radiocarbon dates from the Western Desert. In, Wendorf, F and Schild, R. (eds). Prehistory of the Western Sahara pp 373-378. Academic Press, New York.

Hassan, A.A., 1976. Geochemical and mineralogical studies on bone apatite and their implications for radiocarbon dating. PhD dissertation. Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas.

Hassan, A.A., and P.E. Hare, 1978. Amino acid analysis in radiocarbon dating of bone collagen. In Carter G.G. (ed), Archaeological Chemistry II:109-116.

Hauschka, P.V., 1980. Osteocalcin: A specific protein of bone with potential for fossil dating. In Hare, P.E., T.C. Hoering, and K. King (eds), Biogeochemistry of Amino Acids, pp75-82. New York, Wiley Interscience.

Haynes, C.V., 1967. Bone organic matter and radiocarbon dating. In Radiocarbon Dating and Methods of Low Level Counting, pp163-167. Vienna, IAEA.

Haynes, C.V., 1968. Radiocarbon: Analysis of inorganic carbon of fossil bone and enamel. Science, 161:687-688.

Head, M.J. 1982. The degree of degradation of fossil material from archaeological sites: Can the influence of past environments be defined? In, Archaeometry: An Australian Perspective. Eds, W.Ambrose and P.Duerden, ANU Press, 220-227.

Head, M.J, Weijian Zhou and Mingfu Zhou, 1989. Evaluation of 14C ages of organic fractions of paleosols from loess-paleosol sequences near Xian, China. Radiocarbon, 31:3 (680-696).

Hedges, R. 1992. Sample treatment strategies in Radiocarbon Dating. In, Radiocarbon After Four Decades. An Interdisciplinary Perspective. (eds). Taylor, R.E., Long, A. and Kra, R. Springer - Verlag, NY. 596 p

Hedges, R.E.M, and G.J. van Klinken, 1992. A review of current approaches in the pretreatment of bone for radiocarbon dating by AMS. In Long, A., and R.S. Kra (eds), Proceedings of the 14th International 14C Conference. Radiocarbon, 34(3):279-291.

Hedges, R.E.M., J. Lee-Thorp, and N. Tuross, 1994. Radiocarbon dating of tooth enamel. In the 15th International Radiocarbon Conference, Book of Abstracts. Glasgow.

Henderson, J. 1987. Factors determining the state of preservation of human remains. In Boddington, A., A.N. Garland, and R.C. Janaway (eds), Death, Decay, and Reconstruction, pp43-54. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Higham, T.F.G. 1994 "Radiocarbon dating New Zealand prehistory with moa eggshell: Some preliminary results". Quaternary Geochronology (Quaternary Science Reviews), Vol. 13: 163-169.

Ho, T.Y., L. G. Marcus, and R. Berger, 1969. Radiocarbon dating of petroleum-impregnated bone from tar pits at Rancho La Brea, California. Science, 164:1051-1052.

Hogg, A.G. 1992. Assessment of 0.3 ml minivials for radiocarbon dating by liquid scintillation counting of benzene. Radiocarbon 34/3: 389-393.

_______ 1993. Performance and design of 0.3 ml to 10 ml synthetic silica liquid scintillation vials. in: Noakes, J.E.; Polach, H.A. and Schonhofer, F. (editors) Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry 1992, Radiocarbon 1993 : 135-142.

Hogg, A.G. and Noakes, J.E. 1992. Evaluation of high-purity synthetic silica vials in active and passive vial holders for liquid scintillation counting of benzene. Radiocarbon 34/3: 394-401.

Hogg, A.G., Polach, H.A., Robertson, S. and Noakes, J. 1991. Application of High Purity Synthetic Quartz vials to Liquid Scintillation Low-Level C14 counting of Benzene. Ross, H.; Noakes, J.E. and Spaulding, J.D. (editors) Liquid Scintillation Counting and Organic Scintillators. Lewis Publishers: 123-131.

Horowitz, A., Sampson, C.G., Scott, L. and Vogel, J.C. 1978. Analysis of the Voigtspost site, O.F.S., South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin 33:152-9.

Horrocks, D.L. 1974. Applications of Liquid Scintillation Counting. Academic Press, New York.


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